Since June, 9 Museum of the History of Religion presents the exhibition Country of the Soviets: Milestones in the History of Art
The October Revolution of 1917 – an ambiguous and controversial event which changed the lives of millions of people not only in the former Russian Empire, but also throughout the world. The significance of this event today is not fully comprehended by society, and its consequences in all areas of human life are perceptible even in a century.
One of the main goals of the revolution was to create a “new man”, which was not possible without the creation of a new culture. This culture for the first time through cinematic screens, radios, megaphones, paintings appealed to all the people of the country. However, it experienced different periods of development. In the first years of Soviet power artistic innovation was encouraged, then in 1930s there started the occurrence of a universal style trends – socialist realism, which was to determine the appearance of a new culture for decades. Deliberately abandoning aesthetization and abstraction, socialist realism put in the spotlight creative worker, his achievements and victories.
The postwar period was the peak of the development of socialist realism in all the arts. In Belarus, an important feature has been the use of this style in art glass. Topics of the October Revolution, the Communist Party congresses, the creation of the Communist Youth League, Great Patriotic War, images of leaders of the party, state and army, astronautics and the most important cultural events are reflected in the works of Belarusian artists. It is noteworthy that these works bear the imprint of national traditions and practices, as well as the features peculiar to overseas 1940-50s Stalin’s Empire with its desire for pomp, grandeur and luxury, and popular in the 1960s, Severe Style attributes of which were clear restraint, convention and simplicity of form.
The exhibition Country of the Soviets: Milestones in the History of Art dedicated to the 100th anniversary of October Revolution, and offers to recall the main events of Soviet history through the prism of art works made in 1930-1980s. The exhibition includes objects of decorative art of glass and ceramics, as well as rare examples of Soviet posters from the collections of Grodno State Museum of the History of Religion, National History Museum of Belarus, Grodno State History and Archeology Museum, glass factory Neman (Berezovka, Lida District). Among the works there distinguish works of recognized masters of glass art B. Murakhver and L. Myagkova. For these products is typical iconic decorativism, monumentalism, semantic expressiveness of color, elegiac philosophicity of content, narrative lyrical imagery.
Works of the Belarusian painters and artisans moved the glass art beyond the framework of making cooking utensils, turned it into an art of color, plasticity and clear graphics.